Biofuels in the United Kingdom
Overview of biofuels in the United Kingdom - from feedstock to end use view info >>
Biofuels ministries, organisations and agencies in the United Kingdom view info >>
Key biofuels industry and research stakeholders in the United Kingdom view info >>
Advanced biofuels demonstrations and R&D Projects in the United Kingdom view info >>
Biofuels policy, regulations, market development and support in the United Kingdom view info >>
Reports related to biofuels in the United Kingdom view info >>
Biofuels events in the United Kingdom view info >>
The U.K. Department of Energy and Climate Change DECC announced a record 1.767 billion litres of liquid biofuels were consumed by the country’s transport sector during 2014. [Source: DECC].
Copyright © DECC 2014
UK Biofuel Statistics 2013-2014
- 1.767 billion litrs of liquid biofuels were consumed in 2014, up 11.5 % from 1.586 billion litres in 2013.
- Ethanol consumption fell by 0.9 % from 820 million liters in 2013 to 812 million litres in 2014.
- Biodiesel consumption increased by 25 %, from 766 million litres in 2013 to 955 million litres in 2014.
- 1,310 million litres of renewable fuel have been supplied, which is 3.45% of total road and non-road mobile machinery fuel. 953 million litres (73%) of this renewable fuel has so far been demonstrated to meet the sustainability requirements.
- 1,412 million RTFCs have been issued to fuel meeting the sustainability requirements, of which 917 million were issued to double counting feedstocks.
- Of the 953 million litres so far meeting the sustainability requirements, bioethanol comprised 51% of supply, biodiesel (FAME) 45% and biomethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) 4%. There were also small volumes of biogas and pure vegetable oil.
C&S characteristics of the biofuels to which RTFCs have been issued:
- The most widely reported source for biodiesel (by feedstock and country of origin) was used cooking oil from the UK (108 million litres, 11% of total fuel, 25% of biodiesel).
- The most widely reported source for bioethanol (by feedstock and country of origin) was corn from the Ukraine (72 million litres, 8% of total fuel, 15% of bioethanol).
- 48% of fuel was made from a waste/non-agricultural residue (double counting) feedstock.
- 23% of the fuel was sourced from UK feedstocks.
- An aggregate greenhouse gas saving of 70% compared to fossil fuels was achieved. This figure excludes emissions from indirect land-use change.
- 99% of the fuel was sourced from a voluntary scheme.
- The most commonly used voluntary scheme was ISCC (88% of fuel) followed by Abengoa RED Bioenergy Sustainability Assurance (9%).
- BBSRC - Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
- Centre for Process Innovation
- Department of Energy and Climate Change DECC
- Department of Transport, Low Carbon Fuels
- Energy Technologies Institute
- Scottish European Green Energy Centre - SEGEC
- Technology Strategy Board
- Argent Energy
- Aston University, Bioenergy Research Group
- British Airways
- British Sugar
- Green Biologics
- Imperial College London - ICEPT
- INEOS Bio Limited
- Integrated Biorefining Technologies Initiative (IBTI)
- Lubrizol Ltd
- National Non-Food Crops Centre
- Norton Rose LLP
- QUESTOR Centre, Queen's University of Belfast
- Renewable Energy Association - Renewable Transport Fuels Group RTFG
- Scottish Association for Marine Science
- Scottish Bioenergy
- Supergen Bioenergy
- Syngenta Seeds Ltd
- Tyndall Centre Manchester
- University of Cardiff
- University of Exeter
- University of Greenwich
- University of Swansea
- University of York - CNAP Centre for Novel Agriculural Products
- Vivergo Fuels
- British Airways / Solena GreenSkys biojet fuel plant - shelved in January 2016, citing lack of government support
- BP / DuPont Butamax™ technology. In 2009, BP and DuPont announced the formation of Kingston Research Ltd and the establishment of a £25 million advanced biofuels research centre in Hull for demonstration of biobutanol technology
- Green Biologics has developed Butafuel™ technology, and is coordinator of the Horizon 2020 project ButaNext (2015 - 2018)
- Velocys has developed Fischer-Tropsch technology for BtL value chains, which is being demonstated in the United States (See Red Rock Biofuels)
- Aston University (Euopean Bioenergy Reseach Institute) has been involved in Pyrolysis and Gasification RTD and demonstration for many years and coordinates BRISK, a €10.84M four-year initiative with €8.98M funded under EC FP7 (Ref: 284498). BRISK aims to develop a European Research Infrastructure for Thermochemical Biomass Conversion
- 10.3 MW biomass gasification plant in Tyseley, UK (See Carbonarius)
- University of Greenwich, UK, announced it is leading a 4-year €10 million project supported by EC FP7 to develop the microalga Dunaliella as a sustainable raw material that captures carbon dioxide and can grow in some of the world’s harshest environments. The project will build a biorefinery called the 'D-Factory'.
Renewable Energy Action Plans
- National Action Plan for Renewable Energy including Transport and Biofuels
- Renewable Energy Progress Report - including Biofuels and Bioenergy
Biofuels Promotion in UK
In December 2014, the UK Department for Transport launched the Advanced Biofuel Demonstration Competition to support the production of UK-based advanced biofuels. The Competition will provide up to £25 million in grant funding for major demonstration projects providing transformative and innovative solutions. Ricardo-AEA and E4tech have been appointed as delivery partners for the Competition and post-award monitoring.
The Competition will be run in two phases; phase 1 will be open for Expressions of Interest between 10th December 2014 and 13th February 2015. Application forms are available on the scheme website. Successful phase 1 applicants will be invited to submit phase 2 applications for 12th June 2015. Further details of the application and award process are summarised below.
Further information is available from the following links:
Presentation on policies to promote development of waste-derived and advanced biofuels in the UK (EBTP SPM6, October 2014)
UK experience of the Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation and policies to promote the development of waste-derived and advanced biofuels
Jonathan Hood, Low Carbon Fuels, Department for Transport
- UK Biofuel statistics: Year 6 (2013 to 2014), report 3, DECC, 2014
- Bioenergy – Insights into the future UK Bioenergy sector, gained using the ETI’s Bioenergy Value Chain Model (BVCM), Energy Technologies Institute, 2015
- Building a high value bioeconomy: Opportunities from Waste, UK Government, 2015
- IEA Task 34 Pyrolysis: Country Report, United Kingdom, 2014
- UK Anaerobic Digestion Strategy and Action Plan 2014, DEFRA, 2015
- IEA Bioenergy Task 40 (Sustainable International Bioenergy Trade): Country report for the United Kingdom 2011, 2011